Multiple Choice

Description

The Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) allows you to select one or more correct answer(s) from a number of potential answers. There are various Layout customisation options in this question – block or inline, labelling, and columns.

Figure 1 - Multiple Choice question example.

Create a Question


Enter a question stem in the Compose Question area. Below you will see the Multiple Choice Options where you list the possible response options for the question. In order to add more response option boxes click on +Add. To remove a response option click on the trash can icon to the right. The button to the left of each field allows you to re-order how the Multiple choice options appear to the student, through simple drag and drop.

Figure 2 - MCQ question basic parameters.

Follow these steps to set a valid answer:

  • Insert a value in the Point(s) box to set up a mark for the question. The default is set to 1.
  • In the Correct tab, select the correct response(s) from the list of options, as shown in Figure 3.
  • To allow the student to select more than one correct response, enable the Multiple Responses option.

Figure 3 - MCQ question validation.


More Options

Under the More options button, in Scoring section, you can change formatting settings, scoring types and apply different styles to your question.


Scoring Types

Scoring type menu can be found under More Options

The following scoring types are available in MCQ Multiple Response question types:

  • Exact Match - Student must answer all parts of the question correct to receive a mark.
  • Partial Match Per Response - Each correct response element will be awarded an individual score.
  • Partial Match - Each correct response element will be scored individually and the overall question score will be divided between responses.

Other Scoring options:

  • Unscored/Practice usage type - Enabling this option will remove all scoring from the question.
  • Penalty point(s) - The value entered here indicates marks that will be deducted from the student for an incorrect response.
  • Minimum score if attempted - The value entered here indicates marks that will be awarded to the student for an attempt.
  • Check answer button - If this is enabled, a "Check answer button" will appear to the student alongside the question; clicking this button will indicate to the student if their answer is correct or incorrect, but it will not tell them the correct response. This can be useful for informal assessment.
  • Check answer attempts - The value entered here will indicate how many times the student can use the "Check answer button". A value of 0 indicates an infinite number of times.

  • Figure 4 - MCQ question scoring types

    Layout Styles

    You can select one of the available layout styles:

    • Standard - Standard UI with radio buttons beside response options.
    • Block - Optimal UI for touch screen devices.
    • Under Block you can also choose Label Type - these labels will be displayed on the left of the response options.

      Number Upper Lower
    • Radio Button Under Option - Radio button options will be displayed in a vertical list and the radio button will be underneath each response option.

    Additionally you can configure:

    • Columns - Response options can be arranged into columns. Simply insert a value into the Number of Columns box to set it up.
    • Orientation - If there are 2 or more columns, Orientation will determine if the choice options will be displayed in a horizontal or vertical list.

Example 1 - Basic Multiple Choice Question with 5 response options.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "label": "California"
        },
        {
            "value": "1",
            "label": "France"
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "label": "Wyoming"
        },
        {
            "value": "3",
            "label": "Colorado"
        },
        {
            "value": "4",
            "label": "Vermont"
        }
    ],
    "stimulus": "Which of the following options is <strong>not</strong> a state?",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "type": "vertical"
    },
    "valid_responses": [
        {
            "value": "1",
            "score": 1
        }
    ]
}


Example 2 - Multiple Choice in 2 column layout.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "label": "New York (US)"
        },
        {
            "value": "1",
            "label": "Mexico City (Mexico)"
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "label": "Shanghai (China)"
        },
        {
            "value": "3",
            "label": "Tokyo (Japan)"
        },
        {
            "value": "4",
            "label": "Paris (France)"
        },
        {
            "value": "5",
            "label": "Moscow (Russia)"
        }
    ],
    "stimulus": "Which city ranks as the <strong>most</strong> populous city?",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "columns": 2,
        "type": "horizontal"
    },
    "valid_responses": [
        {
            "value": "2",
            "score": 1
        }
    ]
}


Example 3 - Multi Select Multiple Choice in 3 column layout.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "multiple_responses": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "label": "Clare"
        },
        {
            "value": "1",
            "label": "Meath"
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "label": "Donegal"
        },
        {
            "value": "3",
            "label": "Kerry"
        },
        {
            "value": "4",
            "label": "Tipperary"
        },
        {
            "value": "5",
            "label": "Carlow"
        }
    ],
    "stimulus": "Which of these counties do <strong>not</strong> belong to Munster province?",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "columns": 3,
        "type": "horizontal"
    },
    "valid_responses": [
        {
            "value": "1",
            "score": 1
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "score": 1
        },
        {
            "value": "5",
            "score": 1
        }
    ]
}


Example 4 - Multiple Choice in Block layout.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "label": "1701"
        },
        {
            "value": "1",
            "label": "1811"
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "label": "1776"
        },
        {
            "value": "3",
            "label": "1824"
        }
    ],
    "stimulus": "In what year was the United States Declaration of Independence signed?",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "type": "block"
    },
    "valid_responses": [
        {
            "value": "2",
            "score": 1
        }
    ]
}


Example 5 - Multiple Choice Block UI in 3 columns with label Type Number.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "label": "2mol"
        },
        {
            "value": "1",
            "label": "1.98mol"
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "label": "4mol"
        },
        {
            "value": "3",
            "label": "0.8mol"
        },
        {
            "value": "4",
            "label": "0.2mol"
        },
        {
            "value": "5",
            "label": "1mol"
        }
    ],
    "stimulus": "How many moles is 36.04 grams of water?",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "choice_label": "number",
        "columns": 3,
        "type": "block"
    },
    "valid_responses": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "score": 1
        }
    ]
}


Example 6 - Math content in Multiple Choice Block UI in 3 columns with label Alphabets - lowercase.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "is_math": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "value": "0",
            "label": "\\(x\\)"
        },
        {
            "value": "1",
            "label": "\\(3\\)"
        },
        {
            "value": "2",
            "label": "\\(x+\\frac{y}{4}\\)"
        },
        {
            "value": "3",
            "label": "\\(\\tan A \\pm \\tan B\\)"
        },
        {
            "value": "4",
            "label": "\\(x^2 +  7x + 23\\)"
        },
        {
            "value": "5",
            "label": "\\(4a\\)"
        }
    ],
    "stimulus": "Select the Quadratic Equation:",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "choice_label": "lower-alpha",
        "columns": 3,
        "type": "block"
    },
    "valid_responses": [
        {
            "value": "4",
            "score": 1
        }
    ]
}


Example 7 - Multiple Choice Multi Select using Shuffle Order.

Hint Each time this question is rendered, the options will display in a different order. In review mode, they will display as authored.

Source
{
    "instant_feedback": true,
    "multiple_responses": true,
    "options": [
        {
            "label": "Superior",
            "value": "0"
        },
        {
            "label": "Michigan",
            "value": "1"
        },
        {
            "label": "Erie",
            "value": "2"
        },
        {
            "label": "Huron",
            "value": "3"
        },
        {
            "label": "Iliamna",
            "value": "4"
        },
        {
            "label": "Tahoe",
            "value": "5"
        }
    ],
    "shuffle_options": true,
    "stimulus": "<p>Which of the following lakes does <strong>not<\/strong> belong to the Great Lakes of North America?<\/p><p><em>Hint:<\/em> Each time this question is rendered, the options will display in a different order. In review mode, they will display as authored.<\/p>",
    "type": "mcq",
    "ui_style": {
        "type": ""
    },
    "validation": {
        "scoring_type": "exactMatch",
        "valid_response": {
            "score": 1,
            "value": [
                "0",
                "4"
            ]
        }
    }
}